Studying IPv6 is paramount in your efforts to go the BSCI examination and go on to earn your CCNP, and it is going to assist in your real-world networking profession as effectively. IPv6 could be complicated at first, but it surely’s like anything in Cisco or networking as a complete – study one half at a time, grasp the basics, and also you’re in your method to success. In right this moment’s article we’re going to check out IPv6 handle varieties tplinkrepeater.net.
In IPv4, a unicast handle is solely an handle used to signify a single host, the place multicast addresses signify a gaggle of hosts and broadcasts signify all hosts.
In IPv6, it isn’t fairly that straightforward. There are literally several types of unicast addresses, every with its personal separate perform. This permits IPv6 to get knowledge the place it is purported to go faster than IPv4 whereas conserving router sources.
IPv6 gives two sorts of native addresses, link-local and site-local. Web site-local addresses permit gadgets in the identical group, or web site, to change knowledge. Web site-local addresses are IPv6’s equal to IPv4’s non-public handle courses, since hosts utilizing them are in a position to talk with one another all through the group, however these addresses can’t be used to succeed in Web hosts.
Web site-local and link-local addresses are literally derived from a bunch’s MAC handle. Due to this fact, if HostA has HostB’s IPv6 handle, HostA can decide HostB’s MAC handle from that, making ARP pointless.
Hyperlink-local addresses have a smaller scope than site-local. Hyperlink-local addresses are simply that, native to a bodily hyperlink. These specific addresses are usually not used in any respect in forwarding knowledge. One use for these addresses is Neighbor Discovery, which is IPv6’s reply to ARP.
You possibly can establish these and different IPv6 addresses by their preliminary bits:
001 – World handle
(first 96 bits set to zero) – IPv4-compatible handle
1111 1111 – Multicast
1111 1110 11 – Web site native
1111 1110 10 – Hyperlink Native
As a future CCNP, you are greater than accustomed to the reserved IPv4 handle courses. You additionally know that they don’t seem to be precisely contiguous. The builders of IPv6 took a structured strategy to IPv6 reserved addresses – any handle that begins with “0000 0000” is an IPv6 reserved handle. Considered one of these is the IPv6 loopback handle, and this offers you some observe along with your zero compression!